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SAP CO-PA Valuation using Material Cost Estimate – Part III

SAP CO-PA Valuation using Material Cost Estimate – Part III

In our previous post we have gone through creation of Costing Key which plays central part in whole Valuation using Material Cost Estimate.

Now in this post we will get into details of options available for assignment of Costing Keys for recording of valuation in CO-PA.

IMG Path: Controlling > Profitability Analysis > Master Data > Valuation > Set Up Valuation Using Material Cost Estimate > ?????

Here it would be interesting to mention about the changes done by SAP in the IMG Node in ECC6 and S/4 HANA. Following image shows difference between both of them:


COPA Valuation using Material Cost Estimate

As appearing in the above image, the options of assigning Costing Keys to Products and Material Types are removed in S/4 HANA and SAP has provided assignment of Costing Keys to Any Characteristics only. Actually speaking both the options were kind of redundant as assignment to any characteristics would have taken care of the the possibilities.

But in our this post we will look into all the three options.

Assign Costing Keys to Products

Click on the Transaction and system navigates us to the following screen where clicking on New Entries will help us maintain the Costing Key to Products as in the following image:


COPA Valuation using Material Cost Estimate

Point of Valuation 

01 – Realtime valuation of actual data 02 – Periodic revaluation actual data 03 – Manual planning 04 – Automatic planning

Recipient Type

A Incoming sales order B Dir.posting from FI C Order/proj. settlement E Single trans costing F Billing data I Order-rel. project

Plan Version

This contains the list of all the plan version available for selection. Considering the fact that we are preparing configuration for Actual data, we need not maintain anything here.

Material

Enter the Material Code here the Costing Key you want to maintain against.

Valid to

Enter the validity period here. The assignment will be valid till this date.

C.Keys

SAP allows maintenance of multiple Costing Keys against one Material Code. We can maintain maximum upto three Costing Keys here. But in real life scenario you will need only one Costing Key and in certain scenarios you may require multiple costing keys. Assignment of multiple costing keys is upto your individual judgement. We can assign different Value Fields for all the Costing Keys maintained.

Assign Costing Keys to Material Types

Click on the Transaction and system navigates us to the following screen where clicking on New Entries will help us maintain the Costing Key to Material Types as in the following image:


COPA Valuation using Material Cost Estimate

Here we have maintained costing Keys against the Material Type. Here also we have option to maintain three costing keys.

It is important to note here that both the options i.e. Assignment of Costing Keys to Product and Material Types is not available in S/4 HANA.

Assign Costing Key to Any Characteristics

Using this option we can assign the Costing Key to any Characteristics. In the transaction click on Create Step button and the system asks us whether we want to create an Assignment Rule, Table Lookup or an Enhancement. We will look into all the three one by one.

Assignment Rule

System navigates us to the following screen where we have to maintain certain information as explained below image:


COPA Valuation using Material Cost Estiamte

Here we have to assign the Source Field and Target Field. This is the basic structure for maintaining values. In Source fields we have to maintain the basic criteria based on which the Costing Key has to be assigned. Target Fields should contain the Costing Key field.

Once we maintain the Source and Target Field, we have to maintain the values for this assignment. Click on “Maintain Rule Values” and the system navigates us to the following screen where we have to maintain the values:


COPA Valuation using Material Cost Estimate

 Table Lookup

In this method, system asks us to enter the Table based on which the system has to determine the Costing Key. For e.g. we have entered the Table “VBAK” and the system presents us with following information.


COPA Valuation using Material Cost Estimate

This method becomes useful when we maintain the Costing Key under some characteristics and based on certain conditions we want to fetch it from the table. For e.g. we may maintain the Costing Key in Your Reference field the system will fetch it from that field. In addition to this if we click on the green binocular near “USERTEMP1” the system provides us further options as appearing below:


COPA Valuation using Material Cost Estimate

All the options above are self explanatory and should be used as per the scenario.

Enhancement

Third and the last method is Enhancement. under this method the ABAPer has to write custom code for the determination of Costing Key in COPA0002 Component 004.

This way we can assign relevant Costing Key as per the scenario based on various characteristics.

What Next

In the next post we will see how Value Fields can be assigned to the Costing Keys.

Hope this post helps you get knowledge about the Costing Key assignment.

Reference

SAP Help

#COPA #CostingKey #SAPValuation #SAPCO #SAPCOPA #SAPCostOfSales #SAPcostingKeys #SAPControlling #SAP

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